Dandruff is a common scalp condition that causes flaky, white, or yellowish scales to form on the top of your head. While it’s not harmful, dandruff can be embarrassing and sometimes itchy. Fortunately, there are many ways to treat dandruff. Keep reading to learn more about what causes dandruff and how to get rid of it.

What causes dandruff?

A dry scalp

Dandruff and dry skin can cause each other. If you have the latter, it’s easy to spot because other parts of your body are likely to experience similar problems as well. However, there are some treatments available that work well for both problems, including using moisturizers while shampooing more frequently.

Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition that can cause dandruff. It happens when your skin makes too much oil, and this can lead to dandruff. This condition can be caused by different things, like hormones, genes, or even certain health conditions.


Dandruff can be very annoying, especially if it occurs every day. Not shampooing enough can exacerbate your problem and create more oil on your scalp, making symptoms like tillering or excessive shedding worse. A medicated shampoo will help solve this problem.

Allergic to hair products

If you’re allergic to a particular hair product, it can cause a reaction on your scalp that leads to dandruff. Be sure to patch test new products before using them all over your head, and if you develop a reaction, discontinue use immediately.


It is a chronic medical condition that can cause dandruff. Psoriasis causes the skin cells on your scalp to grow too quickly, leading to a build-up of dead skin cells that flake off.

home remedies for dandruff

Home remedies for dandruff

Apple cider vinegar

Rinsing your hair with apple cider vinegar can help to remove dandruff-causing build-up from your scalp. Mix 1/4 cup of this product with 1/4 cup of water. Apply it to your hair for 15 minutes to 1 hour, then rinse it.

Baking soda paste

Baking soda can help absorb oils and sweat from your scalp, reducing dandruff. Mix equal parts baking soda and water to make a baking soda paste. Apply the paste to your scalp and let it sit for a few minutes before rinsing it off.

Tea tree oil shampoo

Tea tree oil has antifungal and antibacterial properties, which can help to treat dandruff. Look for a shampoo that contains at least 5% tea tree oil.

Lemon juice

First, rub 2 teaspoons of the product into your scalp. Rinse it out. Then mix 1 more teaspoon with 1 cup of water and rub it into your scalp again.

Aloe vera gel

Aloe vera gel can help to treat dandruff because it has properties that fight inflammation and fungus. In addition, Aloe vera gel can help your scalp feel better. You should put it on and wait 20 minutes before washing it off.